Businesses in specific industries must develop a Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan Plan. A Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan identifies potential sources of pollution that may affect the quality of storm water discharges from a facility.
The plan is also intended to insure that the Best Management Practices (BMP’s) are included as part of the implementation process. By following the guidelines of the BMP, companies are able to design and implement a SWPPP plan that is specific to their industry while reducing the amount of pollutants that flow into storm water.
To protect the safety and integrity of these water resources, many businesses are required by the EPA to obtain a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit. In order to obtain an NPDES permit, businesses must submit an EPA Notice of Intent (NOI) form, which may require a sampling of the data from the storm water run off located in and around their facility. A local EPA Division of Water Pollution Control evaluates this data and makes certain determinations.
The five major steps in developing a SWPPP Plan include:
1. Planning and organization
2. Source assessment
3. BMP selection
4. (SWPPP) Plan implementation
5. (SWPPP) Plan evaluation
There are phases to the development of an effective swppp San Diego. The phases can be described as:
Phase 1 – Planning and Organization
* Form a team to develop, implement and maintain the (SWPPP)
* Review environmental management plans that are currently in place in order to use these plans as the framework for the individual (SWPPP) plan
Phase 2 – Source Assessment
* Identify potential sources of pollutants to your storm water discharges
* Map your facility to locate pollutant sources
* Determine storm water management opportunities
* Conduct an inventory of the types of materials that are handled, stored, or processed at thefacility
* Provide a list of spills and leaks of toxic or hazardous waste that have occurred at the facility within a 3 year period
* Test or evaluate non-storm water discharges that are discharged to a storm sewer, ditch, or stream.
* Collect or evaluate existing storm water sampling data
* Summarize the findings of your assessment to help determine opportunities to address sources of storm water pollution.
Phase 3 – Best Management Practices Selection
* Good housekeeping
* Preventive maintenance
* Visual inspections
* Spill prevention and response
* Sediment and erosion prevention
* Traditional storm water management practices
* Employee training
Phase 4 – Implement the swppp BMPs
* Develop a training program for employees to teach the components and goals of your SWPPP Plan and the Best Management Practices (BMPs)
Phase 5 – Evaluation of your SWPPP Plan
* Conduct compliance evaluations of the SWPPP at least once a year
* Revise the SWPPP Plan based on any major modification in design, construction, operation, or maintenance at the facility
* Maintain accurate records of spills, leaks, inspections, and maintenance activities
This is a simple overview of the Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) requirements as set forth by the EPA. For more detailed requirements for a specific industry or state requirements, individual companies should refer to the storm water permit issued for a specific jurisdiction and industry. The local EPA Division of Water Pollution Control Permit Section can assist industries in this area. (eg: swppp Orange County)